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SUMMARY OF THE GREATEST LOSSES OF THE IMMEDIATE FAMILIES OF THE MINERS KILLED IN THE FRATERVILLE AND CROSS MOUNTAIN MINE EXPLOSIONS
The Fraterville and Cross Mountain mine explosions of 19 May 1902 and 9 December 1911 killed a total of 300 men and boys.  Two hundred sixty-eight were identified.

At the Fraterville mine, John Allen and Mary Elizabeth (Dew) ALLRED lost 3 sons.  Eliza J. "Elizabeth" (Breeden) CHILDRESS lost her husband, Peter C. CHILDRESS, and her 3 oldest sons.  Isaac and Kizzie (Richardson) COOPER lost 3 sons.  George W. and Melcena J. (Leinart) EVANS lost 3 sons.  Edith Ada (Hightower) MCKAMEY lost her husband, John C. MCKAMEY, and 3 sons.  Elvina Parthenia (Pitman) WALLACE lost her husband, 2 brothers, and a brother-in-law.  John Quincy and Hannah (Bullock) REYNOLDS lost 3 of their 4 sons.  Eliza F. "Lizzie" (Stansberry) REYNOLDS lost her husband and 2 brothers.  Mary (Ault) VOWELL lost her husband, Banister VOWELL, and 3 sons.  Rosa (Sharp) MILLER lost her husband, Leon C. MILLER; father, Jacob SHARP, and 2 brothers.  Parthenia (Roberts) SLOVER lost her husband, William Houston SLOVER, and 2 sons.  Sarah Ellen (Webb) VOWELL lost her husband, 1 son, and 2 brothers.  Brothers, Charles A., William E., and John C. WALLACE, sons of Pharaoh and Martha A. (Lamar) WALLACE, both deceased before 1900, were killed and left 7 siblings.  Mary E. (Webb) WOODS lost her husband, 1 son, 2 brothers, and a nephew.

At Fraterville, the known parent(s) who lost 2 sons not included above are:  James A. and Melcena Nancy (Adkins) BENNETT; James L. and Oma (Smith) BROOKS;  Abraham Thomas and Mary Frances "Frankie" (Dinkins) GOANS; William G. "Bill" and Drucilla (Davis) GREEN;  Leander "Lee" and Susan A. (Branscom) HIGHTOWER; William and Mary Jane (Chapman) LEACH; Richard and Rhoda Caroline "Sentha" (Bradshaw) MARTIN; Brownlow and Caroline (Hankins) MCLIN; Mary J. PITTMAN; Elias M. RIGGS - his wife, Sarah Catherine "Cattie" (Brooks) RIGGS, died before 1900; Samuel Maynard and Amanda M. (Carver) SLOVER; James Franklin and Mary "Pop/Polly" (Woods) SMIDDY (both deceased before 1900); William Francis and Elizabeth (Reed) STANSBERRY; Chesley V. and Caroline Matilda (Hansard) VANDERGRIFF; Pharaoh and Martha A. (Lamar) WALLACE (both deceased before 1900); Robert (deceased before 1900) and Sarah E. (Sharp) WALLACE; Elias (deceased before 1900) and Mary Elizabeth (Ault) WEBB; James R. WEBB - his wife, Eliza J. (Hays) WEBB, died in 1885; and, Christopher (deceased before 1900) and Nancy Amanda (Wallace) WEBBER.

At the Cross Mountain mine, Minnie E. (Sharp) COOPER lost her husband, James Kelley COOPER, and 2 brothers.  Lela (McQueen) FARMER lost her husband, Joseph H. FARMER, and 2 brothers.  Mae L. (Haynes) JOHNSON lost her husband, Thomas Andrew JOHNSON; her father, Americus Alonzo HAYNES; and her brother, J. F. HAYNES.  Bertha J. "Bertie" (Peters) LEATHERWOOD lost her husband, Tilman A. LEATHERWOOD, and 2 brothers.  Hattie (Marlin) PHILLIPS lost her husband, Daniel "Dan" PHILLIPS; her father, James MARLIN; and her brother.  Rachel (Robbins) ROBBINS lost her husband, James ROBBINS, and 2 sons.

At Cross Mountain, the known parent(s) who lost 2 sons not included above are:  Alfred T. and Anna M. (Prater) AULT; Wilson W. and Serelda (Vowell) DUNCAN; Jesse Hoskins and Sarah Jane (Shinliver) FARMER; William and Clara (Phillips) MARLOW; Rufus B. and Martha Ann (Pemberton) MARTIN; Lizzie MCQUEEN; William Thomas "Tom" and Sarah L. "Sallie" (McElroy) OLVEY; Thomas Sithard (deceased before 1900) and Mary "Mollie" (Hamilton) PETERS; William Frank and Matilda Ann "Tilda" (Cox) RIDENOUR; Elizabeth ROLAND; George W. and Phoebe (Lay) SHARP; and, James and Mary (Tilson) VALLALAY.

Finally, at Fraterville, a widowed Catherine (Wininger) DEZERN/DEZARN lost her 5 youngest sons and 2 sons-in-law.  Her two married daughters, Martha Victoria "Vesta" (Dezern/Dezarn) WALLACE and Mary A. (Dezern/Dezarn) ALLEN each lost a husband, James H. WALLACE and Robert H. ALLEN, respectively; five brothers; and a brother-in-law.  In addition, Martha Victoria lost 2 of her 3 small children earlier in 1902 (one died just 18 days before the mine explosion).  Were the losses of Martha Victoria, Mary A., or their mother the single greatest tragedy for 1 person?

copyright, P. Bailey Francis, April 2011